Nelson is a city on the eastern shores of Tasman Bay, and is the economic and cultural centre of the Nelson region. Established in 1841, it is the second-oldest settled city in New Zealand and the oldest in the South Island and was proclaimed a city by royal charter in 1858. Marlborough is one of the regions of New Zealand, located in the northeast of the South Island, named after the famous English soldier and statesmen, the Duke of Marlborough.
The Nelson-Marlborough catchment, as defined by TEC includes the following territorial authorities: Tasman, Nelson City, Marlborough and Kaikoura.
The industries in which Nelson-Marlborough has the largest comparative advantages are fishing, forestry and logging, and food, beverage and tobacco manufacturing.